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Access Challenges for HIV Treatment Among People Living with HIV and Key Populations in Middle-Income Countries

Publication year: 
2013
Author (s): 
Zaidi, Sarah
Corporate author: 
Global Network for People Living with HIV (GNP+)
Publication details: 
s.l., GNP+, 2013
Abstract:

This policy brief examines the challenges to affordable HIV treatment access in MICs amongst people living with HIV (PLHIV) and key populations. Section 1 presents the global commitments to securing affordable treatment and the right to health. Section 2 identifies four key barriers – pricing and patents, intellectual property regimes, regulatory environment, and lack of investment in science and technology – that affect access to affordable essential medicines. Section 3 reviews present and future HIV treatment access situation and the global commitments to scaling up treatment access. The last section, section 4, provides a set of recommendations on how to reconcile the interests of currently
prevailing parallel value streams that are working in opposition, namely trade-related rights and human rights, in the wider context of health equity and ethical responsibility. The policy brief is interspersed with examples of national and international campaigns by PLHIV networks and key population communities to illustrate the real-life impact of, and fight for, treatment access.