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Addressing Gender and HIV/AIDS March 2013

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Addressing gender norms and inequities is essential to reducing HIV risk and increasing access to services for everyone. In low and middle-income countries worldwide, HIV is the leading cause of death and disease in women of reproductive age. In sub-Saharan Africa, 60 percent of people living with HIV are women.In some countries, prevalence among young women aged 15-24 years is on average three times higher than men of the same age.Men and boys are affected by gender expectations that may encourage risk-taking behavior, discourage accessing health services, and narrowly define their roles as partners and family members.