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The Global Plan to Stop TB 2011-2015

Publication year: 
2010
Corporate author: 
World Health Organisation (WHO)
Publication details: 
Geneva, World Health Organisation, 2010
Abstract:

The report sets out what needs to be done to achieve the 2015 targets determined within the context of the MDGs and by the Stop TB Partnership (Box 1). To achieve these targets, the Implementation component of the plan (Part I) defines how to transform TB control in the years up to 2015 – through scaling up existing interventions for the diagnosis and treatment of TB and introducing new technologies, notably new diagnostic tests. Looking beyond the targets set for 2015, the Research and Development component of the plan (Part II) then shows what needs to be done to develop the new diagnostics, drugs and vaccines that are required to revolutionize the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of TB, as the foundation for the elimination of tuberculosis in the coming decades. The Implementation part of the plan (Part I) is structured in four major components: DOTS expansion and enhancement; Drug-resistant TB; TB/HIV; and Laboratory strengthening. These four components reflect the Working Group structure of the Stop TB Partnership (Figure 4). Given that some components of these plans are closely related, several indicators and targets appear in more than one plan component (notably those related to laboratory strengthening). The Research and Development part of the plan (Part II) is structured in five major components: fundamental research; new diagnostics; new drugs; new vaccines; and operational research. The components that cover new diagnostics, new drugs and new vaccines correspond to the Stop TB Partnership’s three ‘New Tools’ Working Groups (Figure 4). The topic of fundamental research is a new addition to the plan, to reflect the fact that it underpins the development of all new technologies (diagnostics, drugs and vaccines). Operational research has also been added as a distinct topic
because it is the interface between the development of new tools and their uptake in policy and practice within national TB control programmes (NTPs), and
because it can be used to improve TB control using existing tools. The Global Plan to Stop TB 2011–2015 builds on, but is distinct from, the plan launched in 2006. A summary of what is the same and what is new in the updated plan is provided in Box 5.