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Guidelines for Conducting HIV Surveillance Based on Routine Programme Data Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinics

Corporate author: 
Publication details: 
Geneva, WHO, 2015

This document is written for national HIV surveillance programme staff responsible for monitoring trends in country HIV epidemics. Its purpose is to describe how routine prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programme data can be used to conduct HIV surveillance among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics (ANC). These guidelines assume that surveillance programmes have already assessed the readiness of routine programme data to be used for surveillance. WHO’s 2013 Guidelines for assessing the utility of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programme data for HIV sentinel surveillance among pregnant women describes these assessment methods (1).

Technical guidance in this document covers:
• surveillance design and implementation
• site selection
• sample-size calculation
• data collection
• analysis and interpretation
• monitoring of surveillance
• dissemination of results.

The guidance is based on the input of surveillance experts and surveillance programmes,
and lessons learnt from the field. Countries may adopt or adapt this guidance as appropriate.