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Guidelines on Surveillance Among Populations Most at Risk for HIV

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Geneva, WHO, 2011

The overall goal of this document is to provide guidance on how to develop and maintain HIV surveillance among populations most at risk for HIV. Ultimately, these surveillance activities should improve the overall understanding of HIV in countries and improve the response to HIV. This guide complements the second generation surveillance guidelines on how to conduct HIV surveillance activities in low- and middle-income countries. Those guidelines recommend that all countries conduct HIV surveillance among populations with behaviours that increase their risk for HIV, or populations most at risk for HIV infection.
The primary target audience of this guide includes surveillance specialists. In addition, this guide will be useful for programme managers at national and subnational levels to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of the data they are using to make decisions. Finally, this guide will also be useful for donor agencies that support HIV surveillance activities and measure the success of their activities through surveillance data.This guide does not cover all the issues related to HIV surveillance; rather, it serves as a general handson reference specifically for surveillance among most-at-risk populations. It cites additional materials and resources for further information on surveillance and includes country examples.