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HIV and Adolescents: Guidance for HIV Testing and Counselling and Care for Adolescents Living with HIV - Recommendations for a Public Health Approach and Considerations for Policy Makers and Managers

Publication year: 
2013
Corporate author: 
World Health Organisation
Publication details: 
Geneva, WHO library cataloguing,2013
Abstract:

Adolescents (10–19 years) and young people (20–24 years) continue to be vulnerable,both socially and economically, to HIV infection despite efforts to date.This is particularly true for adolescents—especially girls—who live in settings with a generalized HIV epidemic or who are members of key populations at higher risk for HIV acquisition or transmission through sexual transmission and injecting drug use. In 2012, there were approximately 2.1 million adolescents living with HIV. About one-seventh of all new HIV infections occur during adolescence.Access to and uptake of HIV counselling and testing (HTC) by adolescents is significantly lower than for adults. Survey data collected from sub-Saharan Africa indicate that only 10% of young men and 15% of young women (15–24 years) were aware of their HIV status. However, access and coverage vary considerably across countries and regions.