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HIV and Child Mental Health: A Case-Control Study in Rwanda

Publication year: 
Author (s): 
Betancourt. T, Scorza. P, Kanyanganzi. F et tal
Publication details: 
Elk Grove Village: American Academy of Pediatrics, 2014

The global HIV/AIDS response has advanced in addressing the health and well-being of HIV-positive children. Although attention has been paid to children orphaned by parental AIDS, children who live with HIV-positive caregivers have received less
attention. This study compares mental health problems and risk and protective factors in HIV-positive, HIV-affected (due to caregiver HIV), and HIV-unaffected children in Rwanda. A case-control design assessed mental health, risk, and
protective factors among 683 children aged 10 to 17 years at different levels of HIV exposure. A stratified random sampling strategy based on electronic medical records identified all known HIV-positive children in this age range in 2 districts in Rwanda. Lists of all same-age children in villages with an HIV-positive child were then collected and split by HIV status (HIV-positive, HIV-affected, and
HIV-unaffected). One child was randomly sampled from the latter 2 groups to compare with each HIV-positive child per village.