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Hiv/AIDS, Human Rights in Southern Africa

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South Africa, ARASA, 2009

The first chapter describes the context for the report, including the most current statistics on HIV prevalence in the region. It explains the human rights context and the gains that have been made in protecting the human rights of people infected and affected by [6]HIV/AIDS. It also contains a section on the International Guidelines on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights and the regional human rights response. Chapter Two evaluates the steps taken to create a protective legal and policy framework on HIV, AIDS and human rights. It focuses on areas where the most legal reform has taken place, namely anti-discrimination laws and the criminal law. It also includes a section on enforcement measures. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the key human rights issues in the region. Chapter Three reviews the progress made by states towards creating laws, policies and programmes to promote universal access to health care. It examines recent developments towards developing HIV-specific public health laws, regulating HIV testing, providing ARVs and programmes for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT). As with Chapter Two, this chapter also concludes with a discussion of the key human rights issues around access to health care. The final chapter sets out a number of broad conclusions that can be made on the extent to which SADC countries are reforming laws, policies and practices as required by international and regional standards. It summarises the key changes that have taken place in the last two years and concludes with an advocacy agenda for the next two years.