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Prevent HIV, Test and Treat All: WHO Support for Country Impact: Project Report 2016

Corporate author: 
World Health Organisation
Publication details: 
Geneva, WHO, 2016

A progress report on prevention, HIV testing and treatment for 2016 and prepared by WHO and UNAIDS. It assesses the impact of the treatment and prevention programmes undertaken by UNAIDS and WHO in reducing HIV/AIDS globally. To achieve good results, the organisations suggest that the provision of public health care is being transformed, especially in low-and middle income countries. Life-saving health services are reaching communities that used to be off the grid to many public health systems. The prices of vital antiretroviral (ARV) drugs and diagnostics continue to be driven down, and technological innovations are being assessed and introduced more rapidly than ever. Systems for collecting and analysing vital information are stronger than at any time in the past. Countries’ HIV responses are advancing efforts towards universal health coverage and making important contributions to attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (2). Nevertheless, there is no room for complacency. Countries need to live up to their commitment to end the AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030– a target included in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in September 2015. The immediate challenge is to reach the Fast-Track targets for 2020 (Box 1.1), as new infections and HIV-related deaths are still unacceptably high. The 2020 targets include reducing the number of people acquiring HIV to fewer than 500 000 and reducing the number of people dying from HIV-related causes to fewer than 500 000. Based on current estimates, this provides an opportunity to prevent over 1.6 million new infections and 600 000 deaths per year.