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Promising practices in community engagement for elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and keeping their mothers alive

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Geneva, UNAIDS, 2012
PR1 BS/12602

Leaders from around the world attending the 2011 High Level Meeting on AIDS committed to work towards the elimination of new HIV infections among children by 2015 and reducing AIDS-related maternal mortality. This is to be accomplished through the implementation of a new Global Plan* for scaling up comprehensive prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV(PMTCT) programmes. The Global Plan calls for broader thinking and action both within and outside the formal health-care delivery system. An important feature of the plan is its emphasis on
community engagement as an integral part of the scale-up strategy.Despite the widely-recognized importance of communities, much of the PMTCT guidance focuses on antiretroviral drug prophylaxis during pregnancy and facility-based interventions. This review was commissioned by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) to help address the information gap around the essential and complementary role of communities.In particular, this study sought to identify and share promising practices that can strengthen programmes and facilitate efforts to stop HIV transmission to children and enable their mothers to remain healthy