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Technical update on HIV incidence assays for surveillance and monitoring purposes

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Geneva:UNAIDS Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS , 2015

This document is intended for epidemiologists, statisticians and laboratory
technicians responsible for the use of HIV incidence assays for surveillance and
epidemic monitoring purposes. People that are not technical experts in this field
may prefer to first read the UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance published guidelines on When and How to Use Assays for Recent Infection to Estimate HIV Incidence at a Population Level 1 for a basic introduction
to this topic. The purpose of this technical update is to summarize recent findings and offer new recommendations in the field of HIV incidence assays. This update is based on recently published literature and presentations at the WHO HIV Incidence Assay Working Group Meeting in October 2014 in Barcelona, Spain. This meeting was
sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO), the US Government’s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Consortium for the Evaluation and Performance of HIV Incidence (CEPHIA) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).