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Translating Rhetoric Into Reality: Implementing HIV Policies in Swaziland and Zambia.

Corporate author: 
Publication details: 
Harare, SAfAIDS, 2008

The Southern Africa HIV and AIDS Information Dissemination Service (SAfAIDS), with
Support from the Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa (OSISA) commissioned country
Assessments in Zambia and the Kingdom of Swaziland in 2008. The aim of the study was to
examine the extent to which these countries were implementing HIV prevention, treatment,
care and support (impact mitigation) strategies and services in line with major international commitments and declarations to which they are signatory. Similar studies had been conducted earlier in 2006 in Lesotho, Malawi and Mozambique.

This document summarises the findings of research by SAfAIDS on implementation of
regional and international HIV prevention, treatment, care and support conventions and
declarations in Swaziland and Zambia.

The goal of the assessment was “to assess the extent to which the Governments of
Swaziland and Zambia have effectively implemented HIV and AIDS prevention, care, treatment and support strategies in line with the major international commitments and declarations to which they are signatories”.
The specific objectives were:
1. To explore how legal and policy frameworks guarantee that HIV and AIDS interventions
are in compliance with international human rights requirements to which the countries
are signatories.
2. To analyse how processes and systems in place promote effective
collection and analysis of HIV and AIDS information and knowledge
required for planning, monitoring, evaluation and effective
management of prevention, care and treatment programmes.
3. To explore the extent to which processes such as strategic planning
and resource mobilisation for HIV and AIDS interventions are
transparent and participatory.
4. To assess how accountable and integral systems for delivery of health service are.